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Article: Paul Schweikher House - Chicago, IL
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DavidC



Joined: 02 Sep 2006
Posts: 6439
Location: Oak Ridge, TN

PostPosted: Tue Apr 03, 2018 10:08 am    Post subject: Article: Paul Schweikher House - Chicago, IL Reply with quote

Paul Schweikher’s Pre-Mid-Century Modern Chicago Home


David
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SDR



Joined: 17 Jun 2006
Posts: 15863
Location: San Francisco

PostPosted: Tue Apr 03, 2018 11:04 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

1938 -- earlier than I had realized. A couple of good exterior shots unlike those published previously; they convey the calm and expansive nature of the approach.

SDR
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peterm



Joined: 13 Mar 2008
Posts: 5767
Location: Chicago, Il.---Oskaloosa, Ia.

PostPosted: Sun Apr 08, 2018 10:13 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

My new favorite (non Wright) house. Clarity, simpliciticy, honesty, rationality, proportion:

https://youtu.be/zhsfKS1pMeA
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SDR



Joined: 17 Jun 2006
Posts: 15863
Location: San Francisco

PostPosted: Sun Apr 08, 2018 1:17 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I have this document in my files -- without attribution.


PaulSchweikher house-studio

Schaumburg, Illinois -- 1937-38, 1947

In 1937, the long sea voyage from Tokyo to San Francisco gave Paul Schweikher plenty of time to reflect on his first trip to Japan and to remember the
modern landmarks he had earlier seen in Europe on a traveling scholarship from Yale. Those experiences shaped his 4,800- square-foot house-studio,
which he sketched on the ship and soon built in open country 25 miles northwest of Chicago.

He had worked for two well-established architects, David Adler and George Frederick Keck, and had recently formed his own partnership. His fee for
remodeling a farm that had formerly concealed one of AI Capone's stills was a seven-acre plot in Roselle, a community founded by German farmers in
1848. Later renamed Schaumburg, it has recently been swallowed up by suburbia, but the house survives in its original condition.

Schweikher's favorite material was wood, and this flatroofed post-and-beam house is built, inside and out, of California redwood in combination with
salmon-colored common brick. Its simplicity is enriched by rough-textured natural materials and inventive details. The Japanese influence is evident in
the low ceilings; the integration of rooms, covered porches, and enclosed patios; and the vertical wood screens. There is even a wooden soaking tub,
with English-language instructions filched from a Japanese ryokan that conclude with the capitalized warning "For heaven's sake, do not take the
stopper off the tub bottom!"

As in Japan, there is a processional route. It starts at the carport, moving towards the entry along a raised, covered brick walkway. The walkway is
flanked by the blank batten walls of the house and, at an angle, the studio, which together define a grassy courtyard. A low-ceilinged lobby leads into
the soaring living room with its brick floor, exposed joists, and huge hearth topped by a wall of end-laid bricks. It is lit from a corner slit and from sliding
glass windows opening onto a Zen courtyard of raked gravel, with a maple tree that turns scarlet in fall. An all-wood kitchen with open shelves on two
sides is linked by a pass-through to a dining nook with a wall bench.

To the right of the lobby is a glass-fronted gallery looking out on the courtyard. The gallery is backed by a wall of closets and a clerestory with
wooden flaps to provide cross ventilation. Beyond are the master suite and two additions of 1947: a former child's bedroom with a tiled floor and shoji
screen, and a studio with another end-laid brick hearth surround. In 1960, the studio was converted into the children's room, with twin beds
cantilevered off a wall bench.

The architect built this residence for himself, but it worked equally well for the couple to whom he sold it in 1953 when he was named chairman of the
Yale School of Architecture. Alexander Langsdorf Jr. had come to Chicago to work with nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi on the Manhattan project. He was
survived by his wife, Martyl, a celebrated artist who added Eliel Saarinen furniture that she bought a half century ago. She is deeply attached to the
house and has turned the architect's office into a studio where she creates paintings that are shown around the world.
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SDR



Joined: 17 Jun 2006
Posts: 15863
Location: San Francisco

PostPosted: Sun Apr 08, 2018 1:44 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Floor plan of the Schaumberg house.





I wish I had retained an early issue of Fine Homebuilding magazine containing an illustrated article on Schweikher's retirement home in Arizona.
Material online mentions two Arizona homes, in Roselle and in Sedona; I think it is the Sedona residence which appeared in the magazine.

The house has a tall gable roof of corrugated sheet metal, with (as I recall) much glazing beneath the generous roof overhangs, and an informal loft-
style interior arrangement.

I have never seen the other Arizona home. Here is the Upton residence of Schweikher and Elting, 1950, Scottsdale. I am surprised not to find Wright
mentioned in the literature, as an influence on Paul Schweikher . . .
























See "Modernism Rediscovered," Serraino and Shulman, pp 72-75. House has been demolished.

SDR
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SDR



Joined: 17 Jun 2006
Posts: 15863
Location: San Francisco

PostPosted: Sun Apr 08, 2018 1:59 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Here's a Paul Schweikher house in Glenview, IL. ("If You Want to Build a House," MoMA, 1946, p 31).


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peterm



Joined: 13 Mar 2008
Posts: 5767
Location: Chicago, Il.---Oskaloosa, Ia.

PostPosted: Mon Apr 09, 2018 9:54 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I’m touring the Schweikher house this afternoon. Can’t wait!
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SDR



Joined: 17 Jun 2006
Posts: 15863
Location: San Francisco

PostPosted: Mon Apr 09, 2018 10:13 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I hadn't heard Chicago [C]ommon brick referred to as "sewer brick" before. A certain number of Usonians were build with that brick, including Lloyd Lewis . . .

SDR
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Roderick Grant



Joined: 29 Mar 2006
Posts: 8363

PostPosted: Mon Apr 09, 2018 11:36 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Common brick has a softness of appearance that most bricks lack, and which would make the usual deep raking of horizontal mortar joints not work at all. Its use sets Lloyd Lewis apart
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Meisolus



Joined: 06 Jun 2010
Posts: 139

PostPosted: Tue Apr 10, 2018 9:37 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quote:
I’m touring the Schweikher house this afternoon. Can’t wait!


I'm sure we'd all love to hear your impressions peterm!
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SDR



Joined: 17 Jun 2006
Posts: 15863
Location: San Francisco

PostPosted: Tue Apr 10, 2018 10:34 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Peter took some great photos . . .






















































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outside in



Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 1111

PostPosted: Wed Apr 11, 2018 9:04 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

what an incredibly talented architect. Between his house and the project in Arizona he rates as one of the best!
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Roderick Grant



Joined: 29 Mar 2006
Posts: 8363

PostPosted: Wed Apr 11, 2018 11:33 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

The rough quality of the wood is especially handsome. Remember those old commercials for Pledge which touted a mirror-like finish so you could see your reflection in the table top? Who wants to turn wood into mirror?

The loss of the Upton House is a real tragedy, a victim of uncontrolled urban sprawl.
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peterm



Joined: 13 Mar 2008
Posts: 5767
Location: Chicago, Il.---Oskaloosa, Ia.

PostPosted: Wed Apr 11, 2018 1:03 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

outside in wrote:
what an incredibly talented architect. Between his house and the project in Arizona he rates as one of the best!


And this house is right here in Schaumburg. It’s a museum with the original decor from the 2nd owner. It’s outstanding. I want to return when the cherry blossoms open...

Thank you, SDR, for posting my pics!
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SDR



Joined: 17 Jun 2006
Posts: 15863
Location: San Francisco

PostPosted: Wed Apr 11, 2018 2:48 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

My pleasure. So much to see:

Do you know what the kitchen chairs are ? Just curious.

There are several built-ins with (very wide) sliding doors. Those in a bathroom appear to be suspended rather than sliding on their bottoms, judging by their abbreviated locating strips.

It's wonderful to find this house in such good original condition. Did you see the drafting room ?

SDR
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